Since their emergence in 1991, lithium-ion batteries have been the energy storage choice for EVs and smart gadgets. Yet, with the effects of climate change becoming more and more prevalent, we humans are having to reassess the way we run our lives and our world.
Energy production, use, and storage are all key areas that need to be improved in order to prevent the dire consequences of climate change from escalating.
Scientists and researchers are busy developing new resources that will allow us to enjoy the benefits of modern technology without causing the environment to suffer.
The quantum glass battery is one such breakthrough that could substantially reduce environmental damage by actively increasing energy storage capacity and charging time in a clean and renewable way.
What Exactly Is The Quantum Glass Battery?
The quantum glass battery (or glass battery) is a new type of electrical battery that has also been coined “the forever battery”, “the holy grail” and even “the Jesus battery” by scientists and researchers.
The idea for this quantum mechanical technology was developed by the Nobel Prize-winning scientist John Goodenough (who works as a professor at the University of Austin in Texas) and was first published in the Energy and Environmental Science publication in 2016.
The idea has since been developed and, although it has not been cleared for commercial release just yet, it is set to revolutionize the renewable energy industry, particularly in relation to electric vehicles (EVs).
What Are The Benefits Of Quantum Glass Batteries?
The new quantum glass batteries function in an almost identical way to the lithium-ion batteries that are the current standard variety used in electrical cars, smartphones, and laptops.
However, the material makeup of glass batteries is said to make them safer, smaller, faster at charging, and able to store more energy.
This is because the quantum glass batteries have solid glass electrolytes as opposed to the gel and liquid electrolytes used in li-ion batteries.
The higher density of the solid electrolytes allows more energy to be stored in a smaller space, increasing storage capacity by up to double.
This means that the batteries can be made smaller and smaller, without losing power or longevity. The reactivity of the solid electrolyte is less than that of the gel and liquid li-ion equivalents, therefore it can last far longer than current batteries.
And best of all, the quantum glass batteries do not contain flammable elements and therefore they are far safer and will not explode or catch fire if damaged or flawed.
In short, the advantages of the quantum glass batteries include:
- Safe. They will not catch fire or explode as li-ion batteries are prone to doing when they become damaged or flawed.
- Long Lasting. In fact, glass batteries are predicted to last 10 years compared to the li-ion battery life of 2 years! They will have an overall usability of approximately 150 years!
- Fast Charging. They can charge up to 6 times more quickly than the current lithium-ion batteries
- Increased Storage. They can retain twice as much energy as a lithium battery of the same volume thanks to the increased energy density.
- Compact. They can be made smaller than lithium batteries thanks to the smaller separators and increased energy density.
- Increased Cycle Life. It is predicted that quantum glass batteries will be able to be charged and discharged thousands of times before they show any compromise in performance or capacity.
- Low Leakage Current. These batteries have a far lower leakage (wasted energy) than current li-ion batteries, making them efficient and more long lasting.
- Can Withstand Extreme Temperatures. Quantum glass batteries are said to be able to operate at temperatures as cold as -4 degrees Fahrenheit, and as high as 140 degrees Fahrenheit!
How Does The Quantum Glass Battery Work?
To understand how a quantum glass battery works it is easiest to analyze how a standard battery works and then explain the difference between them.
A standard battery has a positively charged cathode at one end, and a negatively charged anode at the other. Electric current passes between the anode and the cathode via an electrolyte, which is a conductive substance that fills the space between the two electrodes.
In lithium batteries, this electrolyte is made up of lithium ions that can carry electrical energy. The electrolyte is soaked in a liquid that is flammable in order to achieve its conductivity, and these liquid cells are separated by separators (micro gaps) in order to prevent the battery from short-circuiting.
In a quantum glass battery, the electrolyte is composed of solid glass rather than liquid. The electrical current is still passed between the anode and the cathode via this conductive route.
Why Can A Quantum Glass Battery Store More Energy Than A Li-ion Battery?
Quantum glass batteries can store approximately twice as much energy as lithium-ion batteries of the same volume. There are a number of reasons for this which are highly scientific and complex, but in the simplest terms the key reasons are:
- The solid electrolytes have a higher density than liquid electrolytes and can therefore carry a greater amount of energy at one time.
- The separators (or micro gaps) employed to prevent short circuits, can be smaller when dividing solid electrolytes than when separating liquid ones.
- This results in vital space-saving which allows these quantum glass batteries to store a greater amount of energy for the same volume of space.
What Is The Advantage Of A High-Density Glass Battery?
The advantage of the increased storage capacity in glass batteries is that they will not need to be recharged half as regularly. In terms of EVs, those running on quantum glass batteries will be able to cope with greater distances over many hours without the risk of the battery dying.
In the same way, smartphones and other smart gadgets will all benefit from the longer battery life of the glass version.
The days of needing to charge your mobile phone every night will be a thing of the past since glass batteries can store twice as much energy in the same amount of volume as the lithium-ion batteries that currently power them.
Why Can Quantum Glass Batteries Charge Faster Than Lithium-ion Batteries?
A great advantage of quantum glass batteries is that they can charge up to 6 times faster than lithium-ion batteries can.
This increased charging rate is due to the high density of the glass electrolytes inside these new batteries. The fact that the glass electrolytes can take on a greater amount of energy means that they recharge very quickly compared to the current lithium-ion batteries.
What Is The Advantage Of A Fast Charging Glass Battery?
These super speedy rechargeables are the ideal candidate for electric vehicle power storage as they will dramatically speed up the time it takes to recharge your car between journeys.
Many people are put off the idea of switching to an electric car because of the perceived inconvenience of having to constantly recharge the battery and the additional planning and effort that it involves.
However, with the introduction of glass batteries, electric cars and vehicles will be able to be topped up in no time, and the level of inconvenience associated with them will be diminished. Eventually, recharging your electric car battery should be as easy as filling up your car with gas!
Why Can Quantum Glass Batteries Live Longer Than Lithium Batteries?
Lithium-ion batteries currently have an average cycle life of around two years before they begin to wear down and tire.
This cycle life refers to the number of times the battery can be charged and discharged before its performance becomes compromised.
Quantum glass batteries have a predicted cycle-life of up to 10 years, which is a huge increase on the current standard! They are also predicted to be usable for up to 150 years before decay!
This increased lifespan is largely due to the fact that the glass batteries have far less current leakage and wastage than li-ion batteries, and therefore make much better use of the energy they store.
The glass electrolytes are less reactive than the liquid and gel equivalents and are therefore exposed to less excessive wear with each use. They are a more economic battery in every sense.
What Are The Advantages Of A Longer Cycle Life And Lifespan?
The advantages of the increased cycle life and usability of quantum glass batteries are largely obvious – these batteries will need to be fixed and replaced far less often than the current models and will therefore need to be disposed of far less often.
The safe disposal of lithium-ion batteries is a huge environmental problem, and the energy needed to dispose of them is an added environmental burden.
With the global steer towards less disposable products and mindsets, the quantum glass battery seems the obvious choice for a greener future.
Why Can Quantum Glass Batteries Be Made Smaller Than Lithium-ion Batteries?
Due to the fact that quantum glass batteries have a solid glass electrolyte, they do not need to have as large separators as liquid electrolytes require.
This is because the liquid substance in lithium batteries is flammable and can easily short circuit and result in internal fires and even explosions.
Lithium batteries require separators of 20-23 microns in order to ensure that they are safe to use. This is reduced to between 3-4 microns in glass batteries, which is the equivalent of a seven-fold space-saving!
What Are The Advantages Of Smaller Batteries?
The upshot of this saved space is that these batteries can be very small and compact, and our smartphones and gadgets can be made smaller and more compact as well!
This will enable developers to create products that are more lightweight and portable which is very exciting for tech-heads! Moore’s law predicted that the number of transistors on an integrated circuit would double every year, and for decades it has driven progress in this area and been proven as highly productive.
However, in recent years the application of this law has begun to slow. Now, thanks to glass batteries, space can begin to be saved in the energy storage department, allowing the slim lining and optimizing the process to continue.
How Will Quantum Glass Batteries Shape Our Future?
Quantum glass battery stocks are already proving to be a highly desirable prospect, with businesses and investors pouring money into the technology even though it is yet to be made commercially available.
The most significant quantum glass battery stocks belong to Kensington Capital, Panasonic, and Samsung.
The reason that these batteries have not yet been cleared for commercial use is due to the problem of the spikes on their cathodes catching on fire. Once the safety issues have been resolved then these batteries are sure to take the world by storm.
It looks like quantum glass batteries are set to revolutionize the electric vehicle industry, with Toyota and Volkswagen both aiming to include glass cells in some of their EVs by as early as 2025.
Tesla, Nissan, and General Motors are all companies that are developing electric vehicles in anticipation of the oncoming change in consumer habits, and the use of glass batteries will only speed up this transition.
Electric cars and vehicles are just one way in which we can improve the health of our earth’s environment.
Hopefully, the long lifespan and efficient energy storage of these quantum glass batteries will do much to make the planet a greener and more sustainable place to live.