Plugging your phone in before retiring to bed is a norm most people have adopted. It’s easier for your phone to charge with minimal disturbance, and the battery is fully charged in the morning, ready for the day. But is charging your phone overnight bad or good?
Charging your phone overnight is convenient. However, it’s not a good habit. Leaving your phone plugged in overnight might harm the battery and reduce its lifespan. Even worse, it may cause it to overheat, swell or explode if something goes wrong.
Why Is Charging Overnight Bad For Your Gadget?
Do not leave your phone plugged in overnight. Instead, charge it when you wake up as you prepare for your day. You can also charge it at night before you sleep.
Your smartphone may take an hour or so to charge, but if you leave it plugged in while you sleep, it will be connected for much longer.
Remember, you cannot overcharge your phone’s battery. Manufacturers put precautions in place. However, if you charge up to 100%, you’ll get a “trickle charge” or enough extra power to make up for the power your device usually consumes. Overcharging, meaning charging to capacity and then leaving the device plugged in, wastes energy from the battery and degrades it over time. Furthermore, you will probably exceed the advised 80% charge if you leave your charger connected overnight.
If you can manage it, avoid the temptation to tuck your phone or other devices under your pillow. Because of the restricted airflow, your battery can get damaged, increasing the chances of exploding.
How Do Manufacturers Estimate Battery Lifespan?
You want your technology to continue serving its purpose for the longest time possible, yet fiddling with it voids its warranty. In addition, most individuals are uneasy about swapping out their factory-installed batteries, so optimizing battery life has become increasingly important.
Even if they are not being used, rechargeable batteries gradually lose some of their capacity over time. After a year of constant use, you’ll notice a decline in performance. After two years, many users report that their devices no longer have the battery life to last through the day on a single battery charge.
The term “battery charge cycles” is how smartphone manufacturers describe the expected lifespan of their products. When a battery is charged from empty to full and then discharged to empty, that is a complete charge cycle. So by looking at the number of projected charge cycles, you can find out how many full cycles your battery can hold before losing capacity.
Lithium-ion (Li-Ion) batteries power most rechargeable devices. You can find lithium-ion batteries in various electronic devices, including cell phones, vaporizers, computers, Tesla vehicles, and chainsaws.
What causes Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries to become Less Effective Over Time?
Some of the reasons why your phone battery becomes less effective over time include:
The Lithium-Ion Polymer battery is a variant of the Lithium-Ion battery that is used in mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. This new model has fewer potential hazards, is lightweight, and charges fast. Other than that, the same principles for battery life expectancy apply to Li-Ion batteries also apply to Li-Poly.
The rate at which your battery deteriorates is greatest when you routinely charge it over 80 percent and then allow it to go under 20 percent. Keep your device’s battery at around 50% to get the most out of it.
Stay away from extremely hot or cold temperatures to preserve battery life. An entire cycle is considered to have happened when the sum of the partial discharges and charges equals one hundred percent. So, if you charge and discharge it between 20% and 80%, you can get at least 1,000 complete cycles out of it before it starts to lose meaningful capacity. That’s a daily charge for nearly three years.
Why does that happen? This is because of how your battery functions. Lithium cobalt oxide and graphite are the primary components of these batteries. Energy is released as lithium ions travel from graphite to cobalt oxide. Charging reverts ions to graphite.
Both extremes are harmful to the battery because they compromise the cell’s integrity by increasing internal resistance from excessive Lithium content.
The number of connections your phone makes harms your battery life. Some connections include Bluetooth, WiFi, GPS, and phone data and enabling these connections drains your battery. In addition, a weak signal increases battery drainage.
Some people recommend switching your phone to airplane mode when you’re not using your phone. However, that will not save your battery. A better recommendation is to stay connected to the WiFi and plug in your phone when making updates. Finally, don’t download heavy files when your phone has less than a 12% charge.
Active phone apps drain your battery and reduce battery life. In addition, some of the actively used apps require a transfer of large amounts of data, negatively impacting the battery life. Apps like GPS, cameras, mobile video games, displays, and Snapchat. You should take your time, monitor the amount of power each app uses, and limit those that drain the battery fast.
Batteries work at their best when new. However, the battery eventually wears out with age, and its lifespan is reduced as the phone ages. Taking care of your phone will extend battery life, but there is no way to avoid battery age as the phone gets older.
Phone display affects battery life in four ways:
- Screen size: phones with larger screens have a more extensive surface area which demands more power to light up.
- Resolution: displays with 1440p and 1080p require different power output. The higher the resolution, the more pixels it uses, and the higher the battery drainage.
- Screen brightness: the brighter your phone screen, the more energy it consumes from your battery.
- Refresh rate: the number of times you refresh your phone impacts the processing power and puts strain on your battery.
When the battery Reaches 80%, Does It Stop Charging?
Companies hardly ever allow you to use a battery’s full capacity. It would be a bad idea to deplete a layer’s lithium ions too much. So when your device reaches the maximum level it is allowed to, it will display 100%.
Keeping a close eye on your smartphone is the only reliable way to ensure that it is not charged above the appropriate 80 percent level.
It’s not the best situation, is it? However, the proper application can help you customize your charging routines.
There are many iOS and Android apps that offer battery-improvement advice and battery capacity alarms.
How to Slow Down the Drain on Your Device’s Battery
Aside from keeping an eye on the device’s charge percentage and temperature, limiting the number of times you have to charge it can also help your battery last longer. When you charge your smartphone less often, it will last longer.
You can make the most significant changes by shortening the screen timeout interval and lowering the brightness levels.
Additionally, there is a power saver mode available on most smartphones. These hardly ever have a negative impact on how your device works. These include iOS’s Screen Time feature, which can set app limits and offer you downtime schedules to encourage good habits.
Bluetooth and WiFi don’t drain your battery as much as you think. However, turning off mobile data and GPS on most smartphones can significantly minimize the amount of battery drain.
Tips to Make Your Battery Last Longer
Here are some tips on how to extend your battery life:
- Partially charging a battery allows you to maintain your charge level at 20% – 80%.
- By avoiding nighttime charging, you can reduce the time your battery is at 100%. The battery degrades fastest here.
- Keep your smartphone at room temperature.
- Turning off unused applications can help preserve battery life. Make your battery last even longer between charges by using a battery saver.
Frequently Asked Questions About Overnight Charging (FAQs)
Below are some common inquiries about charging a phone overnight.
Is it okay to charge an iPhone overnight?
Although Li-Ion Batteries are better than their predecessors, they are not flawless. Charging overnight may lead to overcharging, overheating, and eventual battery degradation. However, Iphones have an inbuilt option to optimize battery charging which helps avoid overcharging.
Can my battery explode if I charge it overnight?
It’s possible but rare. Lithium-ion batteries are designed to balance the positive and negative electrodes to enable recharging carefully. When anything goes wrong, the battery’s internal parts may malfunction and produce a volatile reaction that might ignite a fire. For instance, the battery may produce additional heat and finally catch fire or explode as a result of a chain reaction known as thermal runaway.